**Class 9 : Maths Chapter 1 Number Systems Ex 1.1**

Ex 1.1 Class 9 Maths Question 1.

Is zero a rational number? Can you write it in the form pq,where p and q are integers and q ≠0?

Solution:

Yes, zero is a rational number it can be written in the form pq.

0 = 01 = 02 = 03 etc. denominator q can also be taken as negative integer.

Ex 1.1 Class 9 Maths Question 2.

Find six rational numbers between 3 and 4.

Solution:

Let q_{i} be the rational number between 3

and 4, where j = 1 to 6.

∴ Six rational numbers are as follows:

Thus, the six rational numbers between 3 and 4 are

Ex 1.1 Class 9 Maths Question 3.

Find five rational numbers between 35 and 45.

Solution:

Since, we need to find five rational numbers, therefore, multiply numerator and denominator by 6.

Ex 1.1 Class 9 Maths

Question 4.

State whether the following statements are true or false. Give reasons for your answers.

(i) Every natural number is a whole number.

(ii) Every integer is a whole number.

(iii) Every rational number is a whole number.

Solution:

(i) True

∵ The collection of all natural numbers and 0 is called whole numbers.

(ii) False

∵ Negative integers are not whole numbers.

(iii) False

∵ Rational numbers are of the form p/q, q ≠ 0 and q does not divide p completely that are not whole numbers

Ex 1.2 Class 9 Maths

Question 1.

State whether the following statements are true or false. Justify your answers.

(i) Every irrational number is a real number.

(ii) Every point on the number line is of the form √m , where m is a natural number.

(iii) Every real number is an irrational number.

Solution:

(i) True

Because all rational numbers and all irrational numbers form the group (collection) of real numbers.

(ii) False

Because negative numbers cannot be the square root of any natural number.

(iii) False

Because rational numbers are also a part of real numbers.

Ex 1.2 Class 9 Maths

Question 2.

Are the square roots of all positive integers irrational? If not, give an example of the square root of a number that is a rational number.

Solution:

No, if we take a positive integer, say 9, its square root is 3, which is a rational number.

Ex 1.2 Class 9 Maths

Question 3.

Show how √5 can be represented on the number line.

Solution:

Draw a number line and take point O and A on it such that OA = 1 unit. Draw BA ⊥ OA as BA = 1 unit. Join OB = √2 units.

Now draw BB_{1} ⊥ OB such that BB_{1} =1 unit. Join OB_{1} = √3 units.

Next, draw B_{1}B_{2}⊥ OB_{1}such that B_{1}B_{2} = 1 unit.

Join OB_{2} = units.

Again draw B_{2}B_{3} ⊥OB_{2} such that B_{2}B_{3} = 1 unit.

Join OB_{3} = √5 units.

Take O as centre and OB_{3} as radius, draw an arc which cuts the number line at D.

Point D

represents √5 on the number line.

Ex 1.2 Class 9 Maths Question 4.

Take a large sheet of paper and construct the ‘square root spiral’ in the following fashion. Start with a point O and draw a line segment OP_{1}, of unit lengths Draw a line segment P_{1}, P_{2} perpendicular to OP_{1} of unit length (see figure). Now, draw a line segment P_{2}P_{3} perpendicular to OP_{2}. Then draw a line segment P_{3}P_{4} perpendicular to OP_{3}. Continuing in this manner, you can get the line segment P_{n-1} P_{n} by drawing a line segment of unit length perpendicular to OP_{n – 1}. In this manner, you will have created the points P_{2}, P_{3},…… P_{n},….. and joined them to create a beautiful spiral depicting √2,√3,√4,……

Solution:

Do it yourself.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 1.

Write the following in decimal form and say what kind of decimal expansion each has

Solution:

(i) We have, 36100 = 0.36

Thus, the decimal expansion of 36100 is terminating. (ii) Dividing 1 by 11, we have

Thus, the decimal expansion of 111 is non-terminating repeating. (iii) We have, 418 = 338

Dividing 33 by 8, we get

∴ 418 = 4.125. Thus, the decimal expansion of 418 is terminating.

(iv) Dividing 3 by 13, we get

Here, the repeating block of digits is 230769

∴ 313 = 0.23076923… = 0.230769¯

Thus, the decimal expansion of 313 is non-terminating repeating.

(v) Dividing 2 by 11, we get

Here, the repeating block of digits is 18.

∴ 211 = 0.1818… = 0.18¯

Thus, the decimal expansion of 211 is non-terminating repeating.

(vi) Dividing 329 by 400, we get

∴ 329400 = 0.8225. Thus, the decimal expansion of 329400 is terminating.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 2.

You know that 17 = 0.142857¯. Can you predict what the decimal expansions of 27 , 137 , 47 , 57 , 67 are , without actually doing the long division? If so, how?

Solution:

We are given that 17 = 0.142857¯.

∴ 27 = 2 x 17 = 2 x (0.142857¯) =0.285714¯

37 = 3 x 17 = 3 x (0.142857¯) = 0.428571¯

47 = 4 x 17 = 4 x (0.142857¯) = 0.571428¯

57 = 5 x 17 = 5 x(0.142857¯) = 0.714285¯

67 = 6 x 17 = 6 x (0.142857¯) = 0.857142¯

Thus, without actually doing the long division we can predict the decimal expansions of the given rational numbers.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 3.

Express the following in the form pq where p and q are integers and q ≠ 0.

(i) 0.6¯

(ii) 0.47¯

(iii) 0.001¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

Solution:

(i) Let x = 0.6¯ = 0.6666… … (1)

As there is only one repeating digit,

multiplying (1) by 10 on both sides, we get

10x = 6.6666… … (2)

Subtracting (1) from (2), we get

10x – x = 6.6666… -0.6666…

⇒ 9x = 6 ⇒ x = 69 = 23

Thus, 0.6¯ = 23

(ii) Let x = 0.47¯ = 0.4777… … (1)

As there is only one repeating digit, multiplying (1) by lo on both sides, we get

10x = 4.777

Subtracting (1) from (2), we get

10x – x = 4.777…… – 0.4777…….

⇒ 9x = 4.3 ⇒ x = 4390

Thus, 0.47¯ = 4390

(iii) Let x = 0.001¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ = 0.001001… … (1)

As there are 3 repeating digits,

multiplying (1) by 1000 on both sides, we get

1000x = 1.001001 … (2)

Subtacting (1) from (2), we get

1000x – x = (1.001…) – (0.001…)

⇒ 999x = 1 ⇒ x = 1999

Thus, 0.001¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ = 1999

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 4.

Express 0.99999… in the form pqAre you surprised by your answer? With your teacher and classmates discuss why the answer makes sense.

Solution:

Let x = 0.99999….. …. (i)

As there is only one repeating digit,

multiplying (i) by 10 on both sides, we get

10x = 9.9999 … (ii)

Subtracting (i) from (ii), we get

10x – x = (99999 ) — (0.9999 )

⇒ 9x = 9 ⇒ x = 99 = 1

Thus, 0.9999 =1

As 0.9999… goes on forever, there is no such a big difference between 1 and 0.9999

Hence, both are equal.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 5.

What can the maximum number of digits be in the repeating block of digits in the decimal expansion of 117? Perform the division to check your answer.

Solution:

In 117, In the divisor is 17.

Since, the number of entries in the repeating block of digits is less than the divisor, then the maximum number of digits in the repeating block is 16.

Dividing 1 by 17, we have

The remainder I is the same digit from which we started the division.

∴ 117 = 0.0588235294117647¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

Thus, there are 16 digits in the repeating block in the decimal expansion of 117.

Hence, our answer is verified.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 6.

Look at several examples of rational numbers in the form pq (q ≠ 0). Where, p and q are integers with no common factors other that 1 and having terminating decimal representations (expansions). Can you guess what property q must satisfy?

Solution:

Let us look decimal expansion of the following terminating rational numbers:

We observe that the prime factorisation of q (i.e. denominator) has only powers of 2 or powers of 5 or powers of both.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 7.

Write three numbers whose decimal expansions are non-terminating non-recurring.

Solution:

√2 = 1.414213562 ………..

√3 = 1.732050808 …….

√5 = 2.23606797 …….

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 8.

Find three different irrational numbers between the rational numbers 57 and 911 .

Solution:

We have,

Three irrational numbers between 0.714285¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ and 0.81¯¯¯¯¯ are

(i) 0.750750075000 …..

(ii) 0.767076700767000 ……

(iii) 0.78080078008000 ……

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 9.

Classify the following numbers as rational or irrational

(i) 23−−√

(ii) 225−−−√

(iii) 0.3796

(iv) 7.478478…..

(v) 1.101001000100001………

Solution:

(1) ∵ 23 is not a perfect square.

∴ 23−−√ is an irrational number.

(ii) ∵ 225 = 15 x 15 = 15^{2}

∴ 225 is a perfect square.

Thus, 225−−−√ is a rational number.

(iii) ∵ 0.3796 is a terminating decimal.

∴ It is a rational number.

(iv) 7.478478… = 7.478¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

Since, 7.478¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ is a non-terminating recurring (repeating) decimal.

∴ It is a rational number.

(v) Since, 1.101001000100001… is a non terminating, non-repeating decimal number.

∴ It is an irrational number.

Ex 1.4 Class 9 Maths Question 1.

Visualise 3.765 on the number line, using successive magnification.

Solution:

3.765 lies between 3 and 4.

Visualise 4.26¯ on the number line, upto 4 decimal places.**Solution:**

4.26¯ or 4.2626 lies between 4 and 5.

Ex 1.5 Class 9 Maths Question 1.

Classify the following numbers as rational or irrational.

Solution:

(i) Since, it is a difference of a rational and an irrational number.

∴ 2 – √5 is an irrational number.

(ii) 3 + 23−−√ – 23−−√ = 3 + 23−−√ – 23−−√ = 3

which is a rational number.

(iii) Since, 27√77√ = 2×7√7×7√ = 27 , which is a rational number.

(iv) ∵ The quotient of rational and irrational number is an irrational number.

∴ 12√ is an irrational number.

(v) ∵ 2π = 2 x π = Product of a rational and an irrational number is an irrational number.

∴ 2π is an irrational number.

Ex 1.5 Class 9 Maths Question 2.

Simplify each of the following expressions

Solution:

(i) (3 + √3)(2 + √2)

= 2(3 + √3) + √2(3 + √3)

= 6 + 2√3 + 3√2 + √6

Thus, (3 + √3)(2 + √2) = 6 + 2√3 + 3√2 + √6

(ii) (3 + √3)(3 – √3) = (3)^{2} – (√3)^{2}

= 9 – 3 = 6

Thus, (3 + √3)(3 – √3) = 6

(iii) (√5 + √2)^{2} = (√5)^{2} + (√2)^{2} + 2(√5)(√2)

= 5 + 2 + 2√10 = 7 + 2√10

Thus, (√5 + √2 )^{2} = 7 + 2√10

(iv) (√5 – √2)(√5 + √2) = (√5)^{2} – (√2)^{2} = 5 – 2 = 3

Thus, (√5 – √2) (√5 + √2) = 3

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