Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Why Do We Need a Parliament

Question 1
Why do you think the nationalist movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote?
Solution:
The national movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote because of the following reasons:

  • Every responsible citizen should participate in the government.
  • Law-making and decision-making should also be shared by the adults of the country.

Question 2.
In this 2004, map of Parliamentary constituencies, roughly identify the constituencies in your State. What is the name of the MP from your constituency? How many MPs does your state have? Why are certain constituencies coloured green while others are coloured blue?
Answer:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 Why Do We Need a Parliament Q2
Question 3.
You have read in Chapter 1 that the ‘Parliamentary form of government’ that exists in India has three tiers. This includes the Parliament (Central Government) and the various State Legislatures (state governments).


Fill in the following table with information on the various representatives from your area:

State Government.Central Government
Which political party/parties is/are currently in power?
Who (name) is the current representative from your area?
Which political parties currently form the Opposition?
When were elections last held?
When will the next elections be held?
How  many women representatives are there (from your state)?

Answer:
The answer will vary for each state. One example is:

State Government (Uttar Pradesh)Central Government
 Which political party/parties is/are currently in power?Samajwadi PartyBJP Led NDA
Who (name) is the current representative from your area?Laxmi Kant VajpayeeRajender Aggarwal (Meerut)
 Which political parties currently form the Opposition?Bahujan Samajwadi PartyCongress
When were elections last held?In 2012In 2014
When will the next elections be held?In should be 2017In 2019
 How many women representatives are there from your state?Find yourselfFind yourself

1. Why do you think our nationalist movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote?

Ans: People lived in terror of the British government during colonial control, and they did not agree with many of their actions. They were subjected to unfairness and were unable to express their views.

  1. They would be in grave danger if they attempted to criticise the British government’s actions.
  2. The independence movement changed this, as nationalists began to publicly criticise the British administration and demand freedom and equality.
  3. They asked that elected members of the legislature have the ability to debate and raise questions about the budget.

Based on colonial control and the engagement of many people in the war for independence, it was assumed that all citizens of independent India would be allowed to participate in decision-making. These concepts were included into the Indian Constitution, which established the principle of universal adult franchise, or the right to vote for all adult citizens of the country. Citizens can participate in the formation of the government and oversee its operation in this way.

As a result, the nationalist movement backed the idea of universal adult franchise, which would allow citizens to elect their government and participate in its decision-making processes.

Why Should People Decide?

The decision of the people matters in a democratic country because:

  1. A democratic government is run by the consent, approval, and participation of the people or citizens.
  2. The people in a democracy are the citizens, and they are an integral part of any democracy.
  3. The people elect a few candidates who represent their collective voices in the Parliament.

The Role of the Parliament

The Indian Parliament is an expression of the faith that the people of India have in the principles of democracy. The Parliament in the Indian system has immense powers as it is the representative of the people.

  • Elections to the Parliament are held in a similar manner as they are for the state legislature.
  • The Lok Sabha is elected once every 5 years.

Functions of Parliament

India has numerous constituencies. Each of these constituencies elects one person to the Parliament. The candidates who contest elections usually belong to different political parties. These candidates become Members of Parliament or MPs. Once elections to the Parliament have taken place, the Parliament needs to perform the following functions:

1) To Select the National Government

The Parliament of India consists of

  • The President
  • The Rajya Sabha
  • The Lok Sabha

After the Lok Sabha elections, a list is prepared showing how many MPs belong to each political party.

  1. There are 543 elected (plus 2 Anglo-Indian nominated) members in Lok Sabha.
  2. For a political party to form the government, it must have a majority of elected MPs. A majority party should have at least half the number, i.e. 272 members or more.
  3. The Opposition in Parliament is formed by all the political parties that oppose the majority party/coalition formed. The largest among these parties is called the Opposition party.

One of the most important functions of the Lok Sabha is to select the executive. An executive is a group of persons who work together to implement the laws made by Parliament, for which we use the term government. The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the ruling party in the Lok Sabha. When two or more than two different political parties join together to form a government, it is known as a coalition government.

The Rajya Sabha functions primarily as the representative of the states of India in the Parliament. It has an important role in reviewing and altering the laws initiated by the Lok Sabha.

  1. The Rajya Sabha can also initiate legislation.
  2. A bill is required to pass through the Rajya Sabha in order to become law.
  3. The members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of various states.
  4. There are 233 elected members plus 12 members nominated by the President.

2) To Control, Guide, and Inform the Government

The Parliament begins with a question hour. The question hour is an important mechanism through which MPs can elicit information about the working of the government. By asking questions, the government is alerted to its shortcomings. The government also comes to know the opinion of the people through their representatives in the Parliament (the MPs). In all matters dealing with finances, the Parliament’s approval is crucial for the government.

3) Law-Making

Law-making is a significant function of Parliament. You will learn about it in the next chapter.

Who Are the People in Parliament?

Parliament now has more and more people from different backgrounds. There has also been an increase in political participation from the Dalits and backward classes. Some seats are reserved in Parliament for SCs and STs. Similarly, there is a reservation of seats for women.

We hope CBSE  Social Science Notes for Class 8  Civics helped you in your studies. Keep learning and stay tuned for more updates on CBSE and NCERT. Download BYJU’S App and subscribe to the YouTube channel to access interactive Maths and Science videos.

Frequently Asked Questions on CBSE Class 8 Civics Notes Chapter 3 Why do we Need Parliament?

Q1

What are the benefits of the opposition parties?

The opposition’s main role is to question the government of the day and hold them accountable to the public.

Q2

What are the functions of the Vice President of India?

The office of the Vice President is the second-highest constitutional office after the President and ranks second in the order of precedence and first in a line of succession to the presidency.

Q3

What are the functions of the Rajya Sabha?

1. Functions as a Legislative body 2. Debating chamber 3. Federal chamber

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